Scarred lung tissue from pulmonary fibrosis may result in breathing problems.

What is pulmonary fibrosis?

Pulmonary fibrosis causes the tissues deep in your lungs to become scarred over time. As the tissues becomes thick and stiff, you may develop breathing problems, and your blood may not get enough oxygen.

What causes pulmonary fibrosis?

Causes include environmental pollutants and interstitial lung disease, a large group of conditions that inflame or scar the lungs. Some medicines and connective tissue diseases also can cause pulmonary fibrosis. In most cases, the cause cannot be found.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?

  • Shortness of breath
  • A dry, hacking cough that doesn’t get better
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Aching muscles and joints
  • “Clubbing” (the widening and rounding of the tips of fingers or toes)

How does Ohio State’s Wexner Medical Center diagnose pulmonary fibrosis?

Your doctor may use your medical history, a biopsy and lung function and imaging tests to diagnose pulmonary fibrosis.

How does Ohio State’s Wexner Medical Center treat pulmonary fibrosis?

There’s no cure, but treatment can help with symptoms and improve quality of life. Remedies include drugs, oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation or lung transplant.

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

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