Urinary incontinence is marked by involuntary discharge of urine.

This can happen to anyone, but it becomes more common with age. Women experience UI twice as often as men.

There are several types of incontinence. Some can be caused by prostate problems and nerve damage.

Stress Incontinence

Most bladder control problems happen when muscles are too weak or too active. If the muscles that keep your bladder closed are weak, you may have accidents when you sneeze, laugh or lift a heavy object. This is Stress Incontinence.

Overactive Bladder

If bladder muscles become too active, you may feel a strong urge to go to the bathroom when you have little urine in your bladder. This is Urge Incontinence or Overactive Bladder.

Symptoms

Mild leaking to uncontrollable wetting.

Diagnosis

Your Ohio State urologist will talk with you about your condition, your health history and medications you are taking. The doctor may perform a physical exam. The urologist may ask you to keep a diary of your fluid intake and urinary habits.

Cystoscopy may be performed. This test involves insertion into the urethra of a small tube with a miniature camera on the end to view the urethra and bladder. Imaging techniques may be used to help determine the cause of the Incontinence.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the type of problem you have and what fits well with your lifestyle. Treatment may include simple exercises, medicines, special devices or procedures, or surgery.

Learn more from an Ohio State expert.

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