Prostatitis can often be treated with antibiotics.

Prostatitis is swelling and irritation of the prostate gland.

The condition is called Bacterial Prostatitis when it is caused by an infection with bacteria.

  • Acute bacterial Prostatitis starts quickly.
  • Chronic bacterial Prostatitis lasts for 3 months or more.

Ongoing irritation of the prostate that is not caused by bacteria is called chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Acute Prostatitis can start quickly and can include:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Flushing of the skin

Symptoms of Chronic Prostatitis are similar, but not as severe. They often begin more slowly. Some people have no symptoms between episodes. Symptoms may include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Burning or pain with urination (dysuria)
  • Difficulty starting to urinate or emptying the bladder
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • Weak urine stream
  • Pain or achiness in the abdomen above the pubic bone, in the lower back, in the area between the genitals and anus, or in the testicles
  • Pain with ejaculation or blood in the semen
  • Pain with bowel movements

Diagnosis

Your Ohio State urologist may perform a physical exam, including a digital rectal exam. A prostatic massage may help determine whether you have an infection in the prostate gland. Urinalysis may also be used to determine a diagnosis.

Treatment

Antibiotics are often used to treat prostate infections. If your swollen prostate gland makes it hard to empty your bladder, you may need a tube to empty it.

These practices may also help:

  • Urinate often and completely.
  • Take warm baths to relieve pain.
  • Take stool softeners to make bowel movements more comfortable.
  • Avoid substances that irritate your bladder, such as alcohol, caffeinated foods and drinks, citrus juices, and hot or spicy foods.
  • Drink more fluid (64 - 128 ounces per day) to urinate often and help flush bacteria out of your bladder.
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