Take steps to protect your heart.
Heart disease describes a variety of disorders and conditions that affect the heart. It is the leading cause of death for both women and men in the United States, but it can be prevented.
How to Prevent Heart Disease
You can reduce your risk for heart disease through lifestyle choices and taking the steps below:
- Manage your cholesterol and blood pressure levels
- Get tested and manage your diabetes
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid smoking
- Drink responsibly
- Keep stress under control
Although heart disease is preventable through modifying lifestyle factors above, some risk factors are beyond your control, like your:
- Age: Your risk increases the older you get.
- Family history: If you have a male relative with heart disease before the age of 55, or a female relative with heart disease before the age of 65, you may have an increased risk. The more knowledge you have about your family’s medical history, the better.
- Ethnicity: African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians and South Asian Americans have an increased risk of heart disease.
But you can significantly lower your risk of heart disease by managing or reducing the risk factors you can control through healthy lifestyle changes. Ohio State’s Heart and Vascular Center is committed to improving your health by helping you take steps to prevent heart disease before problems arise.
What is Heart Disease?
Tom Ryan, MD, Director of Ohio State’s Heart and Vascular Center, explains what heart disease is, what the common signs and symptoms are of heart disease and when to seek care with a physician.
Preventing Heart Disease with Dr. Scott Maffett
There are several things that can help prevent heart disease or keep a cardiovascular condition from worsening. Scott Maffett, MD, a cardiologist at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, recommends lowering sodium, exercising and avoiding tobacco products, particularly cigarettes.
Lowering Risk Through Preventative Cardiology
Preventative cardiology involves identifying and understanding the degree of risk a patient faces for cardiac issues, such as heart attack, congestive heart failure or stroke, and then implementing options for decreasing that risk. As Jason Evanchan, DO, an Ohio State cardiologist, explains, this may include changes in diet and exercise, additional testing or medication.