College of Dentistry

Professor in the Division of Biosciences and in the College of Dentistry

College of Dentistry
Division of Biosciences

231 Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research Building
460 Medical Center Drive
Columbus, OH 43210
Phone: 614-293-3571
Email: john.sheridan@osumc.edu

Research Interests:
• Brain and body interactions as they relate to modulation of peripheral physiological systems and behavior
• Neuroendocrine regulation of gene expression in inflammatory and immune responses
• Stress-induced susceptibility to infectious and malignant diseases
• Neuroimmunology
• Host repair of tissue damage
• Immunity to viral and bacterial challenges

Current Research: Efficient cutaneous wound healing quickly restores the protective barrier to injured tissue and reduces the risk of infection. Psychological stress is known to modulate inflammatory responses and slow the healing of experimental cutaneous and mucosal wounds in humans. It has been shown that slowed healing is associated with activation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and sympathetic nervous system, which in turn is associated with diminished mononuclear cell trafficking and reduced expression of cytokine, chemokine and growth factor genes in wound tissue.

In addition, stress reduces oxygen content in wound tissue and increases the susceptibility to opportunistic bacterial infections. Additional data generated thus far have shown that stress alters inflammatory gene expression, fibroblast proliferation, angiogenesis, wound contraction and re-epithelialization. Thus, significant components of wound healing are negatively affected by stress-induced activation of neuroendocrine pathways and altered wound oxygen content.

The goal of this lab is to determine the mechanism by which psychological stress has a significant effect on chemokine, pro-inflammatory cytokine and growth factor gene expression during wound healing.

PubMed articles

Education:
MS, Rutgers University
PhD, Rutgers University
Postdoctoral Fellowship: Duke University Medical Center

Honors:
American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow (2008)
Ad hoc member (2007)
George C. Paffenbarger Alumni Endowed Chair in Research/George C. Paffenbarger Alumni Chair in Dental Sciences (2000)

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