What is the mitral valve?
The mitral valve is one of four valves within the heart. It opens, allowing blood to flow from the left atrium (collecting chamber of the heart) to the left ventricle (pumping chamber of the heart) and then closes to prevent blood from flowing backward. Mitral regurgitation occurs when the mitral valve does not close completely, allowing some blood to flow backward into the left atrium and increasing pressure inside the lungs, which can lead to shortness of breath.
What are common mitral valve diseases?
Mitral Valve Regurgitation
- Mitral regurgitation occurs when the mitral valve does not close completely, allowing some blood to flow backward into the left atrium of the heart.
Mitral Valve Stenosis
- A stiffening of the valve between the heart’s upper and lower left chambers that prevents it from opening properly.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
- When the mitral valve does not close properly, blood can leak backward through the valve.
Complex Congenital Heart Defects
- A congenital heart defect is a condition that occurs when the heart – or blood vessels near the heart – does not develop normally before birth.
Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
- A thickening of the heart walls.
Why Ohio State is the best hospital for heart valve care
The Ohio State Heart and Vascular Center
is a leader in the treatment of heart valve diseases. We offer the most advanced treatments, including minimally invasive procedures and access to ground-breaking clinical trials
testing new devices and treatment options.
We have assembled a team of experts including interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, dedicated nursing staff and other specialists, to ensure you receive the most comprehensive care available.
Our team can evaluate your condition and provide treatment options for you – whether this is your initial consultation or you are looking for a second opinion. Our advanced treatment options are giving new hope to patients who previously were not considered candidates for treatment due to advanced age or condition. Our patients are cared for in the world-class Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital