Learn how Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center diagnoses and treats aortic valve diseases

What is the aortic valve?

The aortic valve is one of the four valves in the heart. The aortic valve is the final “door” that opens to allow oxygen rich blood to flow out of the heart and back into the body. When the aortic valve does not open properly, the heart has to work harder to pump blood.

What are common aortic valve diseases?

Aortic Valve Stenosis
A condition in which the aortic valve does not close properly, creating a backflow of blood from the aorta into the left chamber of the heart.

Aortic Valve Regurgitation or Insufficiency
A narrowing of the valve between the heart and aorta that prevents it from opening or closing properly.

Atrial Septal Defect
A hole between the heart’s two upper chambers.

Congenital Heart Defect

A congenital heart defect is a condition that occurs when the heart – or blood vessels near the heart – do not develop normally before birth

Common aortic valve disease signs include:

  • fainting, fatigue, inability to exercise or lightheadedness
  • murmur or enlarged heart
  • chest pressure or shortness of breath

How Ohio State treats aortic valve disease

As a leading regional academic medical center, Ohio State offers several options to treat valve and structural heart disease. Ohio State is one of only a handful of centers in Ohio able to replace the aortic valve through a catheter approach called transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR. TAVR is a closed-chest, catheter-based valve replacement procedure that is an alternative to traditional open heart surgery. If you have been diagnosed with severe aortic stenosis, you may be a candidate for this procedure.

Advanced age should not be a factor in determining not to have aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Patients in their 80s and even 90s often benefit dramatically from aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis.

Advancing Care for Heart Valve Diseases at Ohio State

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Minimally invasive treatment for severe aortic stenosis

How the TAVR Procedure Works

This video shows how the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) procedure is performed.

Why Ohio State is the best hospital for heart valve care

The Ohio State Heart and Vascular Center is a leader in the treatment of heart valve diseases. We offer the most advanced treatments, including minimally invasive procedures and access to ground-breaking clinical trials testing new devices and treatment options.

We have assembled a team of experts including interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, dedicated nursing staff and other specialists, to ensure you receive the most comprehensive care available.

Our team can evaluate your condition and provide treatment options for you – whether this is your initial consultation or you are looking for a second opinion. Our advanced treatment options are giving new hope to patients who previously were not considered candidates for treatment due to advanced age or condition. Our patients are cared for in the world-class Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital

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