Kidney damage from diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy.
If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Over time, this can damage your kidneys. Your kidneys clean your blood. If they are damaged, waste and fluids build up in your blood instead of leaving your body.
If the damage continues, your kidneys could fail. In fact, diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure in the United States. People with kidney failure need either dialysis or a kidney transplant.
You can slow down kidney damage and keep it from worsening by controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure, taking your medicines and not eating too much protein.
Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
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