What is an ovarian cyst?

An ovarian cyst is a growth on the ovary that can be fluid-filled, solid or both. It can be either cancerous or non-cancerous (benign).

Ovarian cyst causes

Ovarian cysts are quite common. Some women develop a benign cyst every month. Ovarian cysts may form because of hormones, genetic factors or sometimes just by chance.

Ovarian cyst symptoms

Symptoms vary by person. Some women have no symptoms, while others experience pelvic pain, painful cycles or infertility.

How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

Ovarian cysts can be diagnosed during a physical exam or by ultrasound. Ultrasound uses soundwaves to create an image of the ovaries.

Ovarian cyst treatment

Treatment varies depending on the type of cyst or severity of symptoms. In some cases, we recommend simply watching a cyst over time, using ultrasound to track any changes. Surgery may be used to drain or remove the cyst or remove the ovary. This is usually done with a minimally invasive procedure known as laparoscopy. This outpatient procedure requires only small incisions to allow small-diameter instruments to be placed into the abdomen, leading to a quicker recovery.

Why choose Ohio State for gynecologic care and minimally invasive surgery?

Our providers have finished additional years of medical training in advanced gynecologic and minimally invasive surgery. We have special expertise in treating ovarian cysts, even complex ones that have a more direct impact on the ovary itself, as well as advanced endometriosis, uterine fibroids and other complex conditions that may require laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

We understand the fear and concern patients feel when they are first told of an ovarian cyst. Our practice is dedicated to helping women through treatment with empathy, respect and partnership in decision making. We’ll take the time to explain your condition, discuss your concerns and find the right treatment for the best results.

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