Many interstitial lung diseases are not well understood. A group of lung disorders named for the tissue between the air sacs of the lungs called interstitium, these conditions – such as asbestosis, radiation fibrosis and sarcoidosis – commonly begin as an inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms of these diseases can vary from person to person, and many interstitial lung diseases are without good treatments. The cause of interstitial lung disease (also known as ILD) is also often unknown. For advanced cases lung transplantation may be recommended.
At Ohio State, our Interstitial Lung Diseases Clinic provides patients with the appropriate diagnoses and best treatment to better their lives. Our physicians and nurses work together to offer patients the most comprehensive care available. We also work with researchers at Ohio State and across the world to help patients find more effective therapies.
What are the causes and symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
Though not always known, potential causes of interstitial include certain infections and medications, radiation therapy, exposure to asbestos and diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and mixed connective tissue disease.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, dry cough, fatigue and weakness, loss of appetite or weight, chest discomfort, muscle or joint pain, clubbing of the fingers (the widening and rounding of fingertips) and swelling in the legs.
James Allen, MD, leads the Interstitial Lung Diseases Clinic, and Nitin Bhatt, MD, staffs the clinic. Dr. Allen is a nationally recognized expert in interstitial lung disease. He initially described the disorder known as acute eosinophilic pneumonia in The New England Journal of Medicine.