Ohio State offers comprehensive care for thyroid and parathyroid disorders.
Thyroid surgery can be necessary for various thyroid conditions. Surgical removal of all or part of your thyroid gland may be necessary for thyroid cancer, benign cysts, goiters (thyroid enlargement), nodules and overactive thyroid glands.
Thyroid problems include:
- Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid
- Hyperthyroidism – thyroid makes too much hormones
- Hypothyroidism – thyroid doesn’t make enough hormones
- Thyroid cancer
- Thyroid nodules – lumps in the thyroid gland
- Thyroiditis – swelling of the thyroid
Parathyroid problems include:
- Hyperparathyroidism – parathyroid makes too much hormone
- Hypoparathyroidism – parathyroid doesn’t make enough parathyroid hormone, resulting in too little calcium and too much phosphorous
- Parathyroid cancer
A benign tumor on a thyroid or parathyroid gland may make either gland overactive. Too much hormone production can also come from enlarged glands. Very rarely, the cause is cancer. Injury to the glands, endocrine disorders or genetic conditions can be the cause of hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism.
Sources: Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health; NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases