woman playing tennisWhat is structural heart disease?

Structural heart disease occurs when there is a problem with one of your heart valves, walls or chambers. For most people, they are born with this structural defect, but it can also develop over time. Your heart is a muscular pump consisting of four chambers and four valves: mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary. These valves open and close to keep blood flowing through your heart. If you have a type of structural heart disease, blood can’t flow in and out of your heart properly. These problems can lead to other issues, like leaks (valve regurgitation) and blockages (valve stenosis).

Types of structural heart disease

The specific form of your structural heart disease is one part of the equation that helps our heart specialists provide you with the best possible treatment. These are most common types of structural heart disease:

What causes structural heart disease?

In many cases, you are born with structural heart disease. In other instances, structural heart disease can develop over time due to factors including:

What are symptoms of structural heart disease?

The symptoms you may experience with structural heart disease depend upon the exact condition you have. It’s also possible to have structural heart disease without showing any symptoms until the disease progresses later in life. Signs and symptoms can include:

Structural heart disease treatment

In some cases, you may not need immediate treatment for your structural heart disease. In these cases, your cardiologist will recommend ongoing monitoring. If you do need to undergo treatment for structural heart disease, you may need one or more of the following:

  • Cardiac device, such as a pacemaker 
  • Heart transplant
  • Medication
  • Procedure to bypass or open up coronary arteries
  • Procedure to repair or replace valves 

Why Ohio State is the best hospital for treating your structural heart disease?

The Ohio State University Heart and Vascular Center’s Structural Heart Disease Program is a leader in providing patients with heart valve disease access to the newest and most advanced treatments.

Ohio State is one of only a handful of centers in Ohio offering transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic valve regurgitation or aortic valve stenosis. We are currently participating in a variety of clinical trials, evaluating groundbreaking therapies in patients with structural heart disease.

Our dedicated program for structural heart disease offers you access to the most advanced treatments and options for every condition. We’ve assembled a team of experts, including interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, dedicated nursing staff and other specialists, to ensure you receive the most comprehensive care available.

Our team can evaluate your condition and provide treatment options for you — whether this is your initial consultation or you’re looking for a second opinion. Our advanced treatment options are giving new hope to patients who previously weren’t considered candidates for treatment due to advanced age or condition.

Learn more about structural heart disease

Learn more about structural heart disease

Advancing care for heart valve diseases at Ohio State

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Minimally invasive treatment for severe aortic stenosis

How the TAVR Procedure Works

This video shows how the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) procedure is performed.

Our Leaders

Our leaders

Michael Vallely

Michael Vallely, MBBS, PhD

Surgical Director, Structural Heart Disease Program

Michael Vallely, MBBS, PhD, is a cardiac surgeon and surgical director of the Ohio State Structural Heart Disease program. Dr. Vallely has more than 10 years of experience, including total arterial, anaortic, off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. He also specializes in complex and minimally invasive surgeries.

Scott Lilly, MD, PhD

Scott Lilly, MD, PhD, is an interventional cardiologist and co-director of the Ohio State Structural Heart Disease program. Dr. Lilly specializes in treating aortic valve disorders. 

Our Providers

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