Back pain is one of the most common complaints of recreational, competitive and elite athletes. Some sports such as golf, tennis, football, hockey and gymnastics put athletes at increased risk for developing lower back injuries. Sports that require repetitive twisting and compressive loading of the spine may lead to recurrent back injuries.
Initial evaluation begins with a thorough history and physical examination. This requires physician understanding of the functional anatomy and biomechanics of the spine and will include questions regarding your activities and when the pain exists and subsides. Additional diagnostic tests, such as X-rays, MRI, CT scan or bone scan may be required to identify or exclude more serious conditions than a ligament sprain or muscle strain.