A concussion is a type of brain injury. It’s the most minor form. Technically, a concussion is a short loss of normal brain function in response to a head injury. But people often use it to describe any minor injury to the head or brain.
Concussions are a common type of sports injury. You can also have one if you suffer a blow to the head or hit your head during a fall. Although concussions during organized sports receive a great deal of attention, more than 90 percent of concussions occur during everyday activities.
Symptoms of a concussion are varied and may not start right away; they may start days or weeks after the injury. Symptoms may include a headache or neck pain. You may also have nausea, ringing in your ears, dizziness or tiredness. You may feel dazed or not your normal self for several days or weeks after the injury. Consult your healthcare professional if any of your symptoms get worse or if you have more serious symptoms such as:
- Trouble walking or sleeping
- Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination
- Repeated vomiting or nausea
- Slurred speech
Doctors use injury history details and a neurologic exam to diagnose a concussion. Most people recover fully after a concussion, but it can take some time. Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal.
Learn more about brain injuries.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Why choose Ohio State for treatment of concussion?
Breadth of Neurological Services: As a Level I – the highest level – trauma service center, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center has specialized neurological experts and services immediately available to handle a breadth of traumatic brain injuries, from mild to severe.
Neuro Intensive Care: Our fellowship-trained neuro intensivists offer a level of care unmatched in central Ohio for managing swelling of the brain and other complications of traumatic brain injuries.
Advanced Neuroimaging: We use cutting-edge neuro metabolic imaging to determine severity of concussion or brain injury. Information gathered by neuro metabolic imaging, including positron emission tomography (PET) scans and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans, can significantly increase our ability to detect the extent of your injury, thus guiding long-term treatment plans. We also routinely use computed tomography (CT) and MRI scans in the early stages to assess for swelling and bleeding in the brain.
Sports Medicine Concussion Clinic: Ohio State has a specialized concussion clinic devoted entirely to the evaluation and treatment of concussions in both children and adults. We not only provide initial evaluation and care but also expert attention for post-concussive syndrome, defined by concussion symptoms that persist beyond two weeks.